Ebola is a viral disease that affects humans and primates when they are infected by the Ebola virus. The disease does not have immediate impact and it takes a minimum of 48 hours before the first signs and symptoms are notable.
At start, the victim will experience muscle pain and fever, followed by vomiting and diarrhea. As a result, the body main organs fail to function leading to death. The virus is spread by coming into contact with body fluids (breast milk, semen and blood) that are contaminated. Interestingly fruit bats are the known carriers of the diseases since it does not affect the mammals in any way.
The 2014 outbreak of the virus claimed more lives than ever in history. Although there have been previous outbreaks in Congo (DRC), Sudan and Uganda in all the cases, the number of deaths reported have never hit the 1000 deaths. Currently, the WHO (World Health Organization) and supporting bodies have been able to mitigate the outbreak.
The 2014 outbreak in West Africa posed a great threat to the rest of the World. A considerable number of health workers have gone to the most affected countries in Africa so as to contain the disease at the source. Logistical support, surveillance and community management has resulted in the success of mitigation of Ebola virus.
In 2014 Ebola outbreak in Africa resulted in spread to the Western world. There were at least 17 cases of Ebola outbreak in outside Africa. Examples include UK, Spain and the USA. The first case was a nurse from Spain who contracted the virus while in a mission in Africa. An American journalist (Eric Duncan) contracted the virus Africa and died while back in the United States. This proves the virus is a great threat to western countries and even Asia.
There is still no actual vaccine for Ebola. Previously, research was ongoing but the process has now being accelerated to thanks to the outbreak in 2014. At the moment two vaccine candidates have been tested in the USA and the results were promising. There are a number of different labs that also aim to come up with a vaccine for the virus in the near future.
Insecurity is always a major concern especially if there is bio-terrorism. Ebola virus is classified as a bio-safety level 4 agent. That means it is possible to be weaponed and used for terrorism activities. However, the virus is not airborne meaning it would hard to target masses and expect instant impact. Type your paragraph here.